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Immediately following a violent event, the number one priority is to save lives and treat the physical wounds of the victims. But in the weeks following the event, as those wounds begin to heal, we must be cognizant of the psychological wounds that, while invisible, can be equally as damaging. The days and weeks to come will bring great challenges for the many people affected by the tragic events at the Boston Marathon. From survivors to bystanders to emergency room physicians, there are many who don’t yet know the emotional toll the events of the past few days have taken on them.
Drawing from the advice of experts in trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression, McLean Hospital has developed this tip sheet on coping with trauma, with a range of tips from how to practice self-care following a traumatic event, advice on how to help children cope, and signs that a person should seek professional help. We hope that in the difficult days to come, this tip sheet can serve as a guide for those who may wonder if what they are feeling is normal.
Members of the media who are interested in speaking with a McLean expert should contact the Public Affairs Office at 617.855.2110.
Traumatic events affect everyone differently. Following events like yesterday’s tragedy, people may be feeling anxious, sad or even numb. For survivors, first responders and those who have witnessed violent or disturbing events—whether in person or in the media—acute psychological stress is extremely common. However you’re feeling, know that you are reacting normally to what is undoubtedly an abnormal situation.
After traumatic events some people may experience loss of appetite, insomnia and recurring thoughts about what happened or upsetting things that you saw. These emotions and symptoms may show up right away or after some time has passed, so it is important to give yourself time to process these emotions and begin the healing process.
While some amount of disruption is to be expected after a traumatic event, taking good care of yourself and your family can be crucial in ensuring that things don’t spiral into something more serious. It is important to:
It can be difficult to explain tragic events to children, particularly when we don’t fully understand them ourselves. Here are some tips for explaining traumatic events to your child:
Here are some additional resources for talking to children about traumatic events:
Some people are at greater risk than others for developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and generalized anxiety following a traumatic event. The following factors may contribute to the development of longer-term psychiatric issues:
Sometimes, despite you best efforts, the stress can be too much to handle alone. Be sure to ask for help if you:
If you or someone you know is having trouble dealing with the tragedy, don’t be afraid to ask for help. Talk to your doctor, a counselor, or community organization, such as the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline 1.800.273.TALK.