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Although it is not possible to predict suicide with any certainty, our best tool is recognition of the signs that many people exhibit when contemplating suicide. The following three behaviors should prompt you to seek immediate help for yourself or a loved one:
If you are suicidal or are a danger to yourself to others, please call 9-1-1 or visit your nearest emergency room immediately.
Suicide claims more than 38,000 American lives each year—more than the number killed by car accidents, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention—and the rate hasn’t budged in decades.
According to Dost Öngür, MD, PhD, chief of the Center of Excellence in Psychotic Disorders at McLean Hospital, “Suicidal thinking is common and widespread, especially among people with mental illnesses. Yet we don’t have good ways of deciding who is at genuine risk, and who is struggling but who won’t go through with hurting themselves. The reality is that there is no established way of saying this person is at higher risk than that person.”
“90% of people who die by suicide have an existing mental illness or substance misuse problem at the time of their death,” says Öngür. “Mental illness can affect anyone. It doesn’t discriminate based on gender, age, race or socioeconomic status.”
Beyond the behaviors noted above, these actions may also indicate a serious risk—especially if the behavior is new; has increased; and/or seems related to a painful event, loss, or change:
According to the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, it is important to note that factors identified as increasing risk are not factors that cause or predict a suicide attempt. Risk factors are characteristics that make it more likely that an individual will consider, attempt, or die by suicide. Protective factors are characteristics that make it less likely that individuals will consider, attempt, or die by suicide.
Protective factors for suicide include:
Together, we can shine a light on a topic that is often not discussed out of fear and stigma and work to help countless individuals find the help they need.
These organizations also offer suicide prevention resources:
Suicide Prevention Lifeline
If you are suicidal, please call 800.273.TALK (8255). You’ll be connected to a skilled, trained counselor at a crisis center in your area. Counselors are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The Suicide Prevention Lifeline website also offers a number of resources for those looking for support.
American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention is dedicated to saving lives and bringing hope to those affected by suicide. AFSP creates a culture that’s smart about mental health through education and community programs, develops suicide prevention through research and advocacy, and provides support for those affected by suicide. AFSP has local chapters in all 50 states with programs and events nationwide.
Samaritans: Massachusetts 24-Hour Crisis HelpLine
A non-denominational, not-for-profit volunteer organization dedicated to reducing the incidence of suicide by befriending individuals in crisis and educating the community about effective prevention strategies. The Samaritans provide a free and confidential 24-hour phone befriending line. Call or text the 24/7 statewide Helpline at 877.870.4673.
Stop A Suicide Today!
Stop a Suicide Today is a nationwide campaign by Screening for Mental Health, Inc., to empower individuals to help themselves, colleagues, friends, and loved ones who are concerned about or feel suicidal.
Suicide Prevention Resource Center
The Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) is the only federally supported resource center devoted to advancing the implementation of the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention.
In addition to the resources above, these organizations offer support pointed specifically toward parents and teens.
National Center for the Prevention of Youth Suicide
A program of the American Association of Suicidology, this organization works with national leaders and grassroots organizations as well as passionate youth around the country to address youth suicide. They work to enhance suicide prevention by developing programs and providing educational information, trainings, tools, and resources to schools, youth service organizations and other groups.
Society for the Prevention of Teen Suicide – Information for parents
A nonprofit organization that provides specialized training programs, educational information, and resources for teens, parents, and educational leaders with the aim of increasing awareness, reducing the stigma of suicide, and saving lives. They provide information and resources for parents, including information about warning signs, risk factors, and talking to kids about suicide, as well as crisis resources.
Society for the Prevention of Teen Suicide – Information for teens
A nonprofit organization that provides specialized training programs, educational information, and resources for teens, parents, and educational leaders with the aim of increasing awareness, reducing the stigma of suicide, and saving lives. Their website provides information and resources for teens, including crisis resources and information on warning signs.
Suicide Prevention Lifeline – Youth resources
If you are suicidal, please call 800.273.TALK (8255). You’ll be connected to a skilled, trained counselor at a crisis center in your area. Counselors are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The Suicide Prevention Lifeline website also offers a number of resources for those looking for support. They offer information and resources specific to youth, including stories of hope and recovery.
Suicide Prevention Resources Center – Teen resources
SPRC is the only federally supported resource center devoted to advancing the implementation of the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention. Their website provides information and resources specific to adolescents.
Trevor Project - Support for LGBTQ youth
This organization provides crisis intervention and suicide prevention services to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning young people. They provide a number of programs and services, including educational information, resources, and trainings, and are involved in innovative research. They also offer phone and text hotlines.
Youth Suicide Warning Signs
This organization offers information about suicide warning signs to youth, health care professionals, parents/caregivers, and others who have an important role in the life of a young person. Developed by national and international experts, their website provides information on youth suicide warning signs that is rooted in science and clinical practice. They also offer information about how to respond and find help.
Parents and teens may also find these articles helpful:
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